Ku-meel gaarkii Somaliya ee siddeeda sannadood waxa uu dhammaaday Sebteembar 2012, iyadoo si nabadgalyo ah awoodii looga wareejiyay hoggaamiyihii Dawladda Federaalka Ku-meel gaarka ah laguna wareejiyay Dawlad Federaal ah oo Cusub. Dastuurka Ku-meel gaar ah, ee meel la isla dhigay Ogosto, waxa uu dhabbaha u xaaray dib u dhiska iyo adkaynta dawlad federaal ah, oo cusub dhammaadka 2016, marka ay tahay inay dhacaan doorashooyinka guud. Marka loo eego caqabadaha hortaagan wali horumarinta xaalada ammaanka aan lugo adag ku taagnayn, dawlada Federaalka Somaliya ee cusub waxa ay ka shaqaysay hirgalinta dawlad federaal ah oo shaqaynaysa taasi oo afjari doonta sannado ahaa dawlado ku-meel gaar ah horseedana nidaam siyaasadeed oo buuxa.
Somaliya hadda waxa ay haysaa dhabbadii ay kaga soo bixi lahayd taag-darada. Waxa ay dib u muujinaysaa madax banaanideedii waxa ayna hananaysaa lahaanshiyaha iyo masuuliyada mustaqbalkeeda. Si sidaa loo sameeyo, waxa ay bilawday habka dib u dhiska siyaasadda, oo uu hagayo qawaaniintii Heshiiskii Cusbaa ee wadamada taagta daran ee iskugu raaceen Busan 2011. Ujeedada furaha u ahayd habkan waxa uu ahaa aqbalidda Heshiiska, kaasi oo bixinaya qorshe siyaasadeed, ammaan iyo kaasi oo ka caawinaya qaabaynta xiriirada mustaqbalka u dhexeeya Somaliya, dadkeeda iyo beesha caalamka. Kani waa bilawga, habka dib u dhiska siyaasadda iyo dib-u-dhiska bulsho-dhaqaale.
Iyagoo saaxiibo muhiima ah, Somaliya iyo Midawga Yurub (EU) waxa ay si wada jir ah u marti galin doonaan Shir Heerkiisu Sareeyo La Macaamil Cusub ee Somaliya kana dhici doona Brussels 16 ka Sebteember 2013. Ujeedada salka u ah shirku waa in la sii wado horumarka Somaliya, si loo hubiyo in waddanku uu hayo dhabbaha degganaanshaha iyo nabadda uuna u keeno dadkiisa barwaaqo. Shirka Brussels sidaa daraadeed waxa uu si wada jir ah iskugu keeni doonaa beesha caalamka iyo Somaliya si ay u taageeraan Heshiiskan, uguna yaboohaan taageero si loo hirgaliyo iyo, guud ahaan, inay ka go’an tahay habkan siyaasiga ah ee cusub.
Somalia's eight-year transition ended in September 2012, with the peaceful handover of power from the leadership of the Transitional Federal Institutions to a new Federal Government. A Provisional Constitution, in place since August, paves the way for the re-building and consolidation of new, representative federal institutions by the end of 2016, when popular elections are due. Against the backdrop of an improving yet fragile security situation, the new Federal Institutions of Somalia are tasked with establishing a viable federal state that will end years of transitional governance and usher in a permanent political order.
Somalia is now on a path to emerge from fragility. It is re-asserting its sovereignty and taking both ownership of and responsibility for its future. To do so, it has embarked on a political reconstruction process, guided by the New Deal principles for fragile states agreed in Busan in 2011. A key milestone of this process is the adoption of a Compact, which provides a new political, security and developmental architecture that will help frame the future relations between Somalia, its people and the international community. This is the beginning, not end, of Somalia's political and socio-economic reconstruction process.
As key partners, Somalia and the European Union (EU) will be co-hosting a High Level Conference on A New Deal for Somalia in Brussels on 16 September 2013. The Conference's underlying objective is to sustain the positive momentum in Somalia, to ensure that the country stays on the path to stability, peace and brings prosperity to its people. The New Deal is the driver of this process. The Brussels Conference will therefore bring together the international community and Somalia to endorse this Compact, pledge support to enable its implementation and, above all, re-commit to this new political process.
What is the New Deal?
- A guiding set of principles for fragile states development.
- A country-led process that strengthens capacities, ownership and mutual accountability, supported by the international community.
- Sectoral focus across 5 Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs):
- Inclusive Politics;
- Security and Rule of Law;
- Economic Foundations;
- Revenue and Services.
- A key element is a 'Compact' between the recipient country and the donor community, to guide a partnership between all the parties to transition the country out of fragility.
Background to the New Deal process?
- The New Deal process was endorsed in November 2011 by a wide range of International partners (including the g7+ association of conflict affected states) at the 4th High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, South Korea.
- Please see the following links for further information:
How is the New Deal being taken forward in Somalia?
- Somalia is a member of the g7+ group of countries and was an original signatory to the Busan New Deal principles in 2011.
- Somalia has committed to implementing the New Deal principles to move beyond fragility. The International Community is supporting Somalia in this endeavour.
- With international support Somalia is:
- Undertaking an assessment on the causes and features of its underlying fragility;
- Hosting a number of Working Groups across the 5 Peace and State Building goals (PSGs) to develop the Compact that will be the focus of the Brussels Conference;
- Engaging with all Somali communities and regions.
- Somalia has made substantial progress recently and has real potential to move further out of fragility. It is important that the recent positive momentum is maintained.
- The Somali government should gradually be able to develop its own capacity to take over key responsibilities from international community. The key task is to agree on main national priorities and coordinate international support under the New Deal process.
What will the Conference hope to achieve?
- The Conference will provide the focal point of international and Somali commitment to implementing the New Deal principles. The key outcome will be agreement to the Compact. The Conference will be structured in three key thematic sessions:
- 1. Inclusive Politics;
- 2. Rule of Law and Security;
- 3. Socio-Economic Development.
Why is the European Union (EU) co-hosting the Conference / What role do the EU play in Somalia?
- The European Union (EU) is committed to ensuring peaceful social and economic development in the Horn of Africa and Somalia in particular. Our commitment is substantial, with €521 million of development support since 2008, 3 missions under the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy, and substantial political support.
- The EU is working closely with other international donors to support the Somali government in the preparation of the Compact.
- As a signatory to the New Deal principles and a strong supporter of Somalia's development, the EU is proud to co-host the Conference.
What will the Compact look like?
- The Compact will be a concise and living document, setting out Somalia's key peace and state-building priorities alongside a commitment from all partners (Somalia and international community) to delivering those main priorities in the coming three years. It will set out the framework for subsequent planning, political and security support and development aid programmes.
What will follow the Conference?
- The Conference is one step in a longer process, albeit an important one in the New Deal process for Somalia.
- The Compact will be regularly reviewed as Somalia moves forward.
- The dialogue under the fragility assessment will continue beyond the Conference in Brussels.
- All partners need to maintain their commitment to supporting Somalia's development, in view of keeping Somalia on the path to stability, peace and bringing prosperity to its people.